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Undergraduate Module Descriptor

SOC3128: Introduction to Open-source Intelligence (OSINT)

This module descriptor refers to the 2022/3 academic year.

Indicative Reading List

This reading list is indicative - i.e. it provides an idea of texts that may be useful to you on this module, but it is not considered to be a confirmed or compulsory reading list for this module.

Akhgar, B., Bayerl, P., & Sampons, F. (2017) Open Source Intelligence Investigation: From Strategy to Implementation (first edition) Spinger: Cham

Bazzell, M. (2019) Open Source Intelligence Techniques: Resources for Searching and Analyzing Online Information (7th edition) Independently published

Bellingcat podcast:

Golenburg, A. & Finkelstein, J. (2020) Cyber Swarming, Memetic Warfare And Viral Insurgency: How Domestic Militants Organize on Memes to Incite Violent Insurrection and Terror Against Government and Law Enforcement available online:

Human Rights Center (2020) Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations available online:

NATO (2001) NATO Open Source Handbook available online: website:

Silverman, C. (2020) Verification Handbook: For Disinformation and Media Manipulation (First edition) available online:

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2011) Criminal Intelligence

Manual for Analysts available online: